National Financial Conditions Index (NFCI)
The Chicago Fed’s National Financial Conditions Index (NFCI) provides a comprehensive weekly update on U.S. financial conditions in money markets, debt and equity markets, and the traditional and “shadow” banking systems. Because U.S. economic and financial conditions tend to be highly correlated, we also present an alternative index, the adjusted NFCI (ANFCI). This index isolates a component of financial conditions uncorrelated with economic conditions to provide an update on financial conditions relative to current economic conditions.
The NFCI and ANFCI are updated on a weekly basis at 8:30 a.m. ET on Wednesday, and cover the time period through the previous Friday. When a federal holiday falls on a Wednesday or earlier in the week, the NFCI and ANFCI will be updated on Thursday.
Latest NFCI Release
Financial Conditions Hold Steady in Week Ending September 19
The NFCI held steady at –0.93 in the week ending September 19. The risk, credit and nonfinancial leverage subindexes were unchanged from the previous week, while the leverage subindex decreased slightly.
The ANFCI edged up from the previous week, to −0.41. The current level of the ANFCI indicates that financial conditions in the latest week were somewhat more lax than would typically be suggested by current economic conditions.
The release of the Federal Reserve’s second quarter flow of funds data resulted in an average downward revision of 0.2 standard deviations to recent values of the nonfinancial leverage subindex. At –0.49, this subindex remains nearly one-half standard deviation below its long-run average. Tables and Data
More about the NFCI
The NFCI represents a common element taken from price, quantity and survey evidence on broad financial conditions with a unique set of desirable features:
- Weekly index frequency
- Historical coverage of nearly 40 years
- Broad coverage of financial markets (traditional and more recently developed)
- Quarterly, monthly and weekly variables with varied start and end dates
- Weights that reflect variables’ systemic and dynamic importance to the financial system
Like the Chicago Fed’s National Activity Index (CFNAI), the NFCI is a weighted average of a large number of variables (105 measures of financial activity) each expressed relative to their sample averages and scaled by their sample standard deviations. The ANFCI removes the variation in the individual indicators attributable to economic activity and inflation — as measured by the three-month moving average of the Chicago Fed’s NAI and three-month percent change in the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index — before computing the index.